Renewable energy scenario and environmental aspects of soil emission measurements

Abstract

European Commission has set clear targets for 2020 regarding energy and environment policy; these targets include 20% cut in greenhouse gas emissions against the 1990 levels. It is believed that adopted strategy has encouraged the renewable energy applications during the last two decades. Moreover, measurement deviations of carbon dioxide flux occurring in respiration chambers has been seen of a great importance to explain the biochemical parameters affecting the climate change issue. This is attributed on many occasions to chamber design constraints and the way they are coupled with the studied site location. This is illustrated by external disturbances whereby when they happen while gas measurements are taken measurement deviations become more evident. This paper surveys the different soil physical, biological and geotechnical parameters and links them to meteorological ones. Consequently it explores their direct and indirect effects to the produced soil efflux. Furthermore this paper proposes several soil temperature models according to the studied case constraints to see what affects soil efflux production. Moreover a clear understanding of what affects the measurement process was achieved through surveying all the internal and external pressure parameters and how they influence the chamber in relation to time. The conclusion is that respiration chamber designers need to preserve chamber internal temperature and pressure to be equal to the outer atmosphere for the case of stabile external conditions. For the case of unstable external conditions design counter measures are incorporated. Furthermore the appropriate gas sensor needs to be selected professionally with emphasis on the importance of installation location inside the chamber. Likewise soil bacterial type and soil temperature also has an influence on efflux production.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2016.05.088
Divisions: Engineering & Applied Sciences > Mechanical Engineering & Design
Additional Information: © 2016, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Full Text Link: http://www.open ... bcu.ac.uk/3694/
Related URLs: https://linking ... 364032116302003 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2017-02-01
Published Online Date: 2016-06-11
Accepted Date: 2016-06-01
Authors: Makky, Ahmed Al
Alaswad, A ( 0000-0002-7828-7924)
Gibson, Desmond
Olabi, A.g

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