Protect Your Sleep When Work is Calling:How Work-Related Smartphone Use During Non-Work Time and Sleep Quality Impact Next-Day Self-Control Processes at Work

Gombert, Lilian, Konze, Anne-Kathrin, Rivkin, Wladislaw and Schmidt, Klaus-Helmut (2018). Protect Your Sleep When Work is Calling:How Work-Related Smartphone Use During Non-Work Time and Sleep Quality Impact Next-Day Self-Control Processes at Work. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15 (8),

Abstract

In view of the rapid development of information and communication technologies, the present study sheds light on how work-related smartphone use during non-work time affects employees' subsequent working day. Specifically, we examine work-related smartphone use and sleep quality as moderators of next-day self-control processes at work. Theorizing that work-related smartphone use and self-control demands deplete a common limited regulatory resource, we suggest a strengthening two-way interaction between work-related smartphone use during non-work time and next-day self-control demands at work in predicting employees' ego depletion at work. Moreover, in a three-way interaction, we analyze whether this interaction depends on employees' sleep quality, assuming that when intensive work-related smartphone use is followed by high-quality sleep, the taxed regulatory resource can replenish overnight. Results from our diary study covering 10 working days (n = 63) indicate that after evenings with high work-related smartphone use, employees experience disproportionate levels of ego depletion when dealing with self-control demands at work. Sleep quality, however, attenuates this interaction. In cases of high sleep quality, next-day self-control processes at work are no longer affected by work-related smartphone use. Based on these findings, we discuss implications for employees and employers regarding work-related smartphone use and the relevance of sleep in replenishing drained resources.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15081757
Divisions: Aston Business School > Work & organisational psychology
Aston Business School > Work & organisational psychology research group
Aston Business School
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Related URLs: http://www.mdpi ... -4601/15/8/1757 (Publisher URL)
Published Date: 2018-08-15
Authors: Gombert, Lilian
Konze, Anne-Kathrin
Rivkin, Wladislaw
Schmidt, Klaus-Helmut

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