Common brain structure findings across children with varied reading disability profiles

Eckert, Mark A., Vaden Jr., Kenneth I., Maxwell, Amanda B., Cute, Stephanie L., Gebregziabher, Mulugeta, Berninger, Virginia W., Talcott, J. and Wandell, B. (2017). Common brain structure findings across children with varied reading disability profiles. Scientific Reports, 7 ,

Abstract

Dyslexia is a developmental disorder in reading that exhibits varied patterns of expression across children. Here we examined the degree to which different kinds of reading disabilities (defined as profiles or patterns of reading problems) contribute to brain morphology results in Jacobian determinant images that represent local brain shape and volume. A matched-pair brain morphometry approach was used to control for confounding from brain size and research site effects in this retrospective multi-site study of 134 children from eight different research sites. Parietal operculum, corona radiata, and internal capsule differences between cases and controls were consistently observed across children with evidence of classic dyslexia, specific comprehension deficit, and language learning disability. Thus, there can be common brain morphology findings across children with quite varied reading disability profiles that we hypothesize compound the developmental difficulties of children with unique reading disability profiles and reasons for their reading disability.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-05691-5
Divisions: Life & Health Sciences > Psychology
Life & Health Sciences > Clinical and Systems Neuroscience
Life & Health Sciences
Life & Health Sciences > Vision, Hearing and Language
Life & Health Sciences > Aston Brain Centre
Additional Information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Uncontrolled Keywords: General
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Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
Published Date: 2017-07-20
Authors: Eckert, Mark A.
Vaden Jr., Kenneth I.
Maxwell, Amanda B.
Cute, Stephanie L.
Gebregziabher, Mulugeta
Berninger, Virginia W.
Talcott, J. ( 0000-0001-7958-8369)
Wandell, B.

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