Chemical and structural characterization of char development during lignocellulosic biomass pyrolysis

Mafu, Lihle D., Neomagus, Hein W.J.P., Everson, Raymond C., Strydom, Christien A., Carrier, Marion, Okolo, Gregory N. and Bunt, John R. (2017). Chemical and structural characterization of char development during lignocellulosic biomass pyrolysis. Bioresource Technology, 243 , pp. 941-948.

Abstract

The chemical and structural changes of three lignocellulosic biomass samples during pyrolysis were investigated using both conventional and advanced characterization techniques. The use of ATR-FTIR as a characterization tool is extended by the proposal of a method to determine aromaticity, the calculation of both CH2/CH3 ratio and the degree of aromatic ring condensation ((R/C)u). With increasing temperature, the H/C and O/C ratios, XA and CH2/CH3 ratio decreased, while (R/C)u and aromaticity increased. The micropore network developed with increasing temperature, until the coalescence of pores at 1100 °C, which can be linked to increasing carbon densification, extent of aromatization and/or graphitization of the biomass chars. WAXRD-CFA measurements indicated the gradual formation of nearly parallel basic structural units with increasing carbonization temperature. The char development can be considered to occur in two steps: elimination of aliphatic compounds at low temperatures, and hydrogen abstraction and aromatic ring condensation at high temperatures.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2017.07.017
Divisions: Engineering & Applied Sciences
Additional Information: © 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Uncontrolled Keywords: aromaticity,ATR-FTIR,biochar,CPMAS 13C NMR,pyrolysis,Bioengineering,Environmental Engineering,Waste Management and Disposal
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Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
Published Date: 2017-11
Authors: Mafu, Lihle D.
Neomagus, Hein W.J.P.
Everson, Raymond C.
Strydom, Christien A.
Carrier, Marion ( 0000-0003-4740-3416)
Okolo, Gregory N.
Bunt, John R.

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