Impact on environment, ecosystem, diversity and health from culturing and using GMOs as feed and food

Abstract

Modern agriculture provides the potential for sustainable feeding of the world's increasing population. Up to the present moment, genetically modified (GM) products have enabled increased yields and reduced pesticide usage. Nevertheless, GM products are controversial amongst policy makers, scientists and the consumers, regarding their possible environmental, ecological, and health risks. Scientific-and-political debates can even influence legislation and prospective risk assessment procedure. Currently, the scientifically-assessed direct hazardous impacts of GM food and feed on fauna and flora are conflicting; indeed, a review of literature available data provides some evidence of GM environmental and health risks. Although the consequences of gene flow and risks to biodiversity are debatable. Risks to the environment and ecosystems can exist, such as the evolution of weed herbicide resistance during GM cultivation. A matter of high importance is to provide precise knowledge and adequate current information to regulatory agencies, governments, policy makers, researchers, and commercial GMO-releasing companies to enable them to thoroughly investigate the possible risks.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2017.06.033
Divisions: Life & Health Sciences > Pharmacy
Life & Health Sciences
Life & Health Sciences > Chronic and Communicable Conditions
Life & Health Sciences > Cellular and Molecular Biomedicine
Additional Information: © 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Uncontrolled Keywords: environmental risk,GMO,precision agriculture,toxicity,GMO law,Food Science,Toxicology
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Review article
Published Date: 2017-09
Published Online Date: 2017-06-20
Accepted Date: 2017-06-19
Submitted Date: 2017-06-05
Authors: Tsatsakis, Aristidis M.
Nawaz, Muhammad Amjad
Tutelyan, Victor A.
Golokhvast, Kirill S.
Kalantzi, Olga-Ioanna
Chung, Duck Hwa
Kang, Sung Jo
Coleman, Michael D. ( 0000-0002-5510-6852)
Tyshko, Nadia
Yang, Seung Hwan
Chung, Gyuhwa

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