Efficient partial-pairs SimRank search on large graphs

Yu, Weiren and McCann, Julie (2015). Efficient partial-pairs SimRank search on large graphs. Proceedings of the VLDB Endowment, 8 (5), pp. 569-580.


The assessment of node-to-node similarities based on graph topology arises in a myriad of applications, e.g., web search. SimRank is a notable measure of this type, with the intuition that "two nodes are similar if their in-neighbors are similar". While most existing work retrieving SimRank only considers all-pairs SimRank s(*, *) and single-source SimRank s(*, j) (scores between every node and query j), there are appealing applications for partial-pairs SimRank, e.g., similarity join. Given two node subsets A and B in a graph, partial-pairs SimRank assessment aims to retrieve only {s(a, b)}∀aεA,∀bεB. However, the best-known solution appears not self-contained since it hinges on the premise that the SimRank scores with node-pairs in an h-go cover set must be given beforehand. This paper focuses on efficient assessment of partial-pairs SimRank in a self-contained manner. (1) We devise a novel "seed germination" model that computes partial-pairs SimRank in O(k|E| min{|A|, |B|}) time and O(|E| + k|V|) memory for k iterations on a graph of |V| nodes and |E| edges. (2) We further eliminate unnecessary edge access to improve the time of partial-pairs SimRank to O(m min{|A|, |B|}), where m ≤ min{k|E|, Δ2k}, and Δ is the maximum degree. (3) We show that our partial-pairs SimRank model also can handle the computations of all-pairs and single-source SimRanks. (4) We empirically verify that our algorithms are (a) 38x faster than the best-known competitors, and (b) memory-efficient, allowing scores to be assessed accurately on graphs with tens of millions of links.



Version: Accepted Version

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