Differential effectiveness of two anxiety induction procedures in youth and older adult populations

Montorio, Ignacio, Nuevo, Roberto, Cabrera, Isabel, Márquez, María and Izal, María (2015). Differential effectiveness of two anxiety induction procedures in youth and older adult populations. Anales de Psicología, 31 (1), pp. 28-36.

Abstract

In this study, we tested in older and younger adults the efficacy of two well-known procedures to experimentally induce anxiety: a) Velten self-statements combined with music; b) film scenes. We extended the pre-vious findings in this field to the understudied area of mood induction in older adults. Fifty-seven older adults and 94 college students were random-ly assigned to one of the experimental conditions or to a control group. Results indicated that both procedures were effective, according to a series of ANOVAs for several self-report, physiological, and behavioral measures. Likewise, the highest effect sizes were observed for the Velten procedure (g = .81 vs. g = .71), and the effects were significantly higher in younger (g = 1.0 in the Velten condition) than in older adults (g = .62), Q = 4.25, X2(1), p = .0392. Both procedures were effective to induce inducting anxiety in both age groups, especially the Velten procedure in younger adults. Therefore, Velten self-statements combined with music may be very useful anxiety induction procedure for further research in controlled situa-tions of emotions across the life-span.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.31.1.162281
Divisions: Life & Health Sciences
Additional Information: © Servicio de Publicaciones, Universidad de Murcia, 2015 Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain (legal text).
Uncontrolled Keywords: aging,cognition,emotion,experiment,mood induction,Psychology(all)
Full Text Link: http://revistas ... cle/view/162281
Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
Published Date: 2015
Authors: Montorio, Ignacio
Nuevo, Roberto
Cabrera, Isabel
Márquez, María
Izal, María

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