Cultural orientations and preference for HRM policies and practices:the case of Oman


This study empirically examines the influence of cultural orientations on employee preferences of human resource management (HRM) policies and practices in Oman. Data were collected from 712 employees working in six large Omani organizations. The findings indicate that there is a number of differences among Omani employees regarding value orientations due especially to age, education and work experience. The findings show a strong orientation towards mastery, harmony, thinking and doing, and a weak orientation towards hierarchy, collectivism, subjugation and human nature-as-evil. The results demonstrate a clear link between value orientations and preferences for particular HRM policies and practices. Group-oriented HRM practices are preferred by those who scored high on collectivism and being orientations, and those who scored low on thinking and doing orientations. Hierarchy-oriented HRM practices are preferred by those scoring high on hierarchy, subjugation and human nature-as-bad orientations, and those scoring low on thinking and mastery orientations. Finally, preference for loose and informal HRM practices was positively associated with being, and negatively associated with thinking, doing and harmony orientations. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed in detail.

Publication DOI:
Divisions: Aston Business School > Work & Organisational Psychology
Aston Business School > Aston India Foundation for Applied Research
Aston Business School
Aston Business School > Economics, Finance & Entrepreneurship
Additional Information: This is an electronic version of an article published in Aycan, Zeynep; Al-Hamadi, Abdul B.; Davis, Ann J. and Budhwar, Pawan S. (2007). Cultural orientations and preference for HRM policies and practices: the case of Oman. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 18 (1), pp. 11-32. International Journal of Human Resource Management is available online at:
Uncontrolled Keywords: cultural orientations,HRM practices,oman,within-culture variance
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2007
Authors: Aycan, Zeynep
Al-Hamadi, Abdul B.
Davis, Ann ( 0000-0001-9147-2529)
Budhwar, Pawan ( 0000-0001-8915-6172)



Version: Accepted Version

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