Truthiness and falsiness of trivia claims depend on judgmental contexts

Newman, Eryn J., Garry, Maryanne, Unkelbach, Christian, Bernstein, Daniel M., Lindsay, D. Stephen and Nash, Robert A. (2015). Truthiness and falsiness of trivia claims depend on judgmental contexts. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 41 (5), pp. 1337-1348.

Abstract

When people rapidly judge the truth of claims presented with or without related but nonprobative photos, the photos tend to inflate the subjective truth of those claims-a "truthiness" effect (Newman et al., 2012). For example, people more often judged the claim "Macadamia nuts are in the same evolutionary family as peaches" to be true when the claim appeared with a photo of a bowl of macadamia nuts than when it appeared alone. We report several replications of that effect and 3 qualitatively new findings: (a) in a within-subjects design, when people judged claims paired with a mix of related, unrelated, or no photos, related photos produced truthiness but unrelated photos had no significant effect relative to no photos; (b) in a mixed design, when people judged claims paired with related (or unrelated) and no photos, related photos produced truthiness and unrelated photos produced "falseness;" and

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/xlm0000099
Divisions: Life & Health Sciences
Life & Health Sciences > Applied Health Research Group
Additional Information: © APA. This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.
Uncontrolled Keywords: cognitive fluency,photographs,truth judgments,truthiness,Experimental and Cognitive Psychology,Language and Linguistics,Linguistics and Language
Full Text Link: http://psycnet. ... /2015-13956-001
Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
Published Date: 2015-09-01
Authors: Newman, Eryn J.
Garry, Maryanne
Unkelbach, Christian
Bernstein, Daniel M.
Lindsay, D. Stephen
Nash, Robert A. ( 0000-0002-2284-2001)

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