Fast pyrolysis processing of surfactant washed Miscanthus

Banks, S.W., Nowakowski, D.J. and Bridgwater, A.V. (2014). Fast pyrolysis processing of surfactant washed Miscanthus. Fuel Processing Technology, 128 , pp. 94-103.

Abstract

Miscanthus × giganteus was subjected to pre-treatment with deionised water, hydrochloric acid or Triton X-100 surfactant, and subsequently fast pyrolysed in a fluidised bed reactor at 535 °C to obtain bio-oil. Triton X-100 surfactant was identified as a promising pre-treatment medium for removal of inorganic matter because its physicochemical nature was expected to mobilise inorganic matter in the biomass matrix. The influence of different concentrations of Triton X-100 pre-treatment solutions on the quality of bio-oil produced from fast pyrolysis was studied, as defined by a single phase bio-oil, viscosity index and water content index. The highest concentration of Triton X-100 surfactant produced the best quality bio-oil with high organic yield and low reaction water content. The calculated viscosity index from the accelerated ageing test showed that bio-oil stability improved as the concentration of Triton X-100 increased.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2014.07.005
Divisions: Engineering & Applied Sciences > Chemical engineering & applied chemistry
Engineering & Applied Sciences > European Bioenergy Research Institute (EBRI)
Additional Information: Copyright 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license. Funding: EPSRC (EP/E039995/1: SUPERGEN Biomass Biofuels and Energy Crops II Core).
Uncontrolled Keywords: ash,bio-oil stability,biomass pre-treatment,fast pyrolysis,miscanthus,Fuel Technology,Energy Engineering and Power Technology,Chemical Engineering(all)
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Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
Published Date: 2014
Authors: Banks, S.W.
Nowakowski, D.J. ( 0000-0001-8056-5316)
Bridgwater, A.V. ( 0000-0001-7362-6205)

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