Performance-based vs socially supportive culture:a cross-national study of descriptive norms and entrepreneurship

Stephan, Ute and Uhlaner, Lorraine M. (2010). Performance-based vs socially supportive culture:a cross-national study of descriptive norms and entrepreneurship. Journal of International Business Studies, 41 (8), pp. 1347-1364.

Abstract

This paper is a cross-national study testing a framework relating cultural descriptive norms to entrepreneurship in a sample of 40 nations. Based on data from the Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness project, we identify two higher-order dimensions of culture – socially supportive culture (SSC) and performance-based culture (PBC) – and relate them to entrepreneurship rates and associated supply-side and demand-side variables available from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor. Findings provide strong support for a social capital/SSC and supply-side variable explanation of entrepreneurship rate. PBC predicts demand-side variables, such as opportunity existence and the quality of formal institutions to support entrepreneurship.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/jibs.2010.14
Divisions: Aston Business School > Economics, Finance & Entrepreneurship
Aston Business School
Additional Information: This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Journal of international business studies. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Stephan, U., & Uhlaner, L. M. (2010). Performance-based vs socially supportive culture: A cross-national study of descriptive norms and entrepreneurship. Journal of international business studies, 41(8), 1347-1364 is available online at: http://www.palgrave-journals.com/jibs/journal/v41/n8/full/jibs201014a.html
Uncontrolled Keywords: comparative entrepreneurship,national culture,GLOBE,descriptive norms,institutional theory,social capital
Full Text Link: http://www.palg ... ibs201014a.html
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Published Date: 2010
Authors: Stephan, Ute ( 0000-0003-4514-6057)
Uhlaner, Lorraine M.

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