Effect of mobility on violence in a bi-communal population


We develop a multi-agent based model to simulate a population which comprises of two ethnic groups and a peacekeeping force. We investigate the effects of different strategies for civilian movement to the resulting violence in this bi-communal population. Specifically, we compare and contrast random and race-based migration strategies. Race-based migration leads the formation of clusters. Previous work in this area has shown that same-race clustering instigates violent behavior in otherwise passive segments of the population. Our findings confirm this. Furthermore, we show that in settings where only one of the two races adopts race-based migration it is a winning strategy especially in violently predisposed populations. On the other hand, in relatively peaceful settings clustering is a restricting factor which causes the race that adopts it to drift into annihilation. Finally, we show that when race-based migration is adopted as a strategy by both ethnic groups it results in peaceful co-existence even in the most violently predisposed populations.

Divisions: Engineering & Applied Sciences > Computer Science
Event Title: 8th International Joint Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems 2009, AAMAS 2009
Event Type: Other
Event Dates: 2009-05-10 - 2009-05-15
Uncontrolled Keywords: simulation and modeling,model development,modeling methodologies,social and behavioral sciences,sociology,experimentation,human factors,multi-agent based simulation,environment modeling,environment simulation,Artificial Intelligence,Software,Control and Systems Engineering
Full Text Link: http://www.ifaa ... t/E_SP_0636.pdf
Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
Published Date: 2009
Authors: Winsper, Michael
Chli, Maria ( 0000-0002-2840-4475)

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