Mechanisms contributing to the enhanced respiratory burst of neutrophils observed in periodontitis

Dias, H.K. I. (2009). Mechanisms contributing to the enhanced respiratory burst of neutrophils observed in periodontitis. PHD thesis, Aston University.

Abstract

The aim of this thesis is to investigate possible mechanisms that may contribute to neutrophil hyperactivity and hyper-reactivity. One possibility is the presence of a neutrophil priming factors within the peripheral circulation of periodontitis patients. To examine this possibility differentiated HL-60 cells and primary neutrophils were studied in the presence and absence of plasma from periodontitis patients. In independent experiments, plasma was depleted of IL-8, GM-CSF, interferon-a, immunoglobulins and albumin. This work demonstrated that plasma factors such as IL-8, GM-CSF, and interferon-a present during periodontitis may contribute towards the reported hyperactive neutrophil phenotype. Furthermore, this work demonstrated that products from Pg may regulate neutrophil accumulation at infected periodontal sites by promoting gingipain-dependent modification of IL-8-77 into a more biologically active chemokine. To elucidate whether the oxidatively stressed environment that neutrophils are exposed to in periodontitis could influence hyperactivity and hyper-reactivity, neutrophils were depleted of glutathione. This work showed that during oxidative stress, where cellular redox-levels have been altered, neutrophils exhibit an increased respiratory burst. In conclusion, this work highlights the multiple mechanisms that may contribute to neutrophil hyperactivity and hyperreactivity including gingipain-modulated activity of IL-8 variants, the effect of host factors such as IL-8, GM-CSF, interferon-a on neutrophils priming and activation, and the shift of neutrophil GSH:GSSG ratio in favour of a more oxidised environment as observed in periodontitis.

Divisions: Life & Health Sciences > Biosciences
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Institution: Aston University
Uncontrolled Keywords: enhanced respiratory burst,neutrophils,periodontitis
Completed Date: 2009
Authors: Dias, H.K. I. ( 0000-0002-6620-8221)

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