Chemical synthesis of DNA and RNA containing thio-substituted bases and their post-synthetic modifications

Wang, Yang (2003). Chemical synthesis of DNA and RNA containing thio-substituted bases and their post-synthetic modifications. PHD thesis, Aston University.

Abstract

Modified oligonucleotides containing sulphur group have been useful tools for studies of carcinogenesis, protein or nucleic acid structures and functions, protein-nucleic acid interactions, and for antisense modulation of gene expression. One successful example has been the synthesis and study of oligodeoxynucleotides containing 6-thio-2'-deoxyguanine. 6-Thio-2-deoxyguanosine was first discovered as metabolic compound of 6- mercaptopurine (6-MP). Later, it was applied as drug to cure leukaemia. During the research of its toxicity, a method was developed to use the sulphur group as a versatile position for post-synthetic modification. The advantage of application of post-synthetic modification lies in its convenience. Synthesis of oligomers with normal sequences has become routine work in most laboratories. However, design and synthesis of a proper phosphoramidite monomer for a new modified nucleoside are always difficult tasks even for a skilful chemist. Thus an alternative method (post-synthetic method) has been invented to overcome the difficulties. This was achieved by incorporation of versatile nucleotides into oligomers which contain a leaving group, that is sufficiently stable to withstand the conditions of synthesis but can be substituted by nucleophiles after synthesis, to produce, a series of oligomers each containing a different modified base. In the current project, a phosphoramidite monomer with 6-thioguanine has been successfully synthesised and incorporated into RNA. A deprotection procedure, which is specific for RNA was designed for oligomers containing 6-thioguanosine. The results were validated by various methods (UV, HPLC, enzymatic digestion). Pioneer work in utilization of the versatile sulphur group for post-synthetic modification was also tested. Post-synthetic modification was also carried out on DNA with 6- deoxythioguanosine. Electrophilic reagents with various functional groups (alphatic, aromatic, fluorescent) and bi-functional groups have been attached with the oligomers.

Divisions: Life & Health Sciences > Pharmacy
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Institution: Aston University
Uncontrolled Keywords: DNA,RNA,thioguanosine,post-synthetic, modification
Completed Date: 2003-06
Authors: Wang, Yang

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