A study of fast reactions in nozzle type reactors

Abstract

A study of fast reactions in three nozzle reactors of the same geometry has been investigated. The nozzle reactors are 0.55 x 10¯³ m³ 1.52 x 10¯³ m³ and 5.13 x 10¯³ m³ respectively, and flow visualizations have been studied by injecting a tracer into the inlet and at the walls of the reactors. A mathematical model which has been developed, suggests that the flow characteristics in the systems consisted mainly of a series of continuous stirred tanks (CSTR1' s) with a plug flow between them, and a parallel stream of a plug flow. Fast reactions studies involving aqueous solut­ions of sodium carbonate (Na₂Co₂) and sulphuric acid (H₂SO₄) were carried out at varying molar ratios and flow rates in 0.55 x 10¯³ m³ and 5.13 x 10¯³ m³ nozzle reactors respectively. The product samples were determined volumetrically; the yield of the product and the amount of the excess acid reacted in each reactor were determined from stiochiometry. A modified residence time distribu­tion model was developed with the designed equations for a CSTR and plug flow to determine the conversion of the limiting reactant concentration. Neutralization reaction was carried out involv­ing Linear alkyl sulphonic acid (Dodecylbenzene sulphonic acid) with aqueous solution of sodium carbonate and at varying viscosity of the surfactant in 0.55 x 10¯³ m³ nozzle reactor. Studies were conducted at varying flow rates of Dobanic acid and sodium carbonate, and the percentage of the active detergent was analyzed volumetrically.

Divisions: Engineering & Applied Sciences > Chemical Engineering & Applied Chemistry
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Institution: Aston University
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fast reactions,nozzle type reactors,Air core,Residence Time Distribution,Dobane JN
Completed Date: 1985
Authors: Coker, Akintunde K.

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