The role of tissue transglutaminase in 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+)-induced toxicity in differentiated human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells

Beck, Katy E.; De Girolamo, Luigi A.; Griffin, Martin and Billett, E. Ellen (2006). The role of tissue transglutaminase in 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+)-induced toxicity in differentiated human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells. Neuroscience Letters, 405 (1-2), pp. 46-51.

Abstract

Tissue transglutaminase (TG2) can induce post-translational modification of proteins, resulting in protein cross-linking or incorporation of polyamines into substrates, and can also function as a signal transducing G protein. The role of TG2 in the formation of insoluble cross-links has led to its implication in some neurodegenerative conditions. Exposure of pre-differentiated SH-SY5Y cells to the Parkinsonian neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP+) resulted in significant dose-dependent reductions in TG2 protein levels, measured by probing Western blots with a TG2-specific antibody. Transglutaminase (TG) transamidating activity, on the other hand, monitored by incorporation of a polyamine pseudo-substrate into cellular proteins, was increased. Inhibitors of TG (putrescine) and TG2 (R283) exacerbated MPP+ toxicity, suggesting that activation of TG2 may promote a survival response in this toxicity paradigm.

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