Types of task, types of audience, types of actor: interactions between mere presence and personality type in a simple mathematical task

Grant, Tim D. and Dajee, Kevindra (2003). Types of task, types of audience, types of actor: interactions between mere presence and personality type in a simple mathematical task. Personality and Individual Differences, 35 (3), pp. 633-639.

Abstract

Research into social facilitation effects reveals three factors affecting response performance: types of task, types of audience and type of actor. This study attempts to establish a minimal baseline for task and audience type in order to examine difference between personality types in the actors. Results indicate that performance in both extraverts and introverts increases in the minimal conditions of the mere presence of another person whilst carrying out a simple mathematical task. These results are interpreted through an analysis of Zajonc's (1965) drive theory with Eysenck's (1967) personality theory indicating that through further investigation performance curves might be devised for introverts and extraverts performing under a variety of task and audience conditions.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(02)00241-6
Divisions: Languages & Social Sciences > English Language
Languages & Social Sciences > English Language research group
Languages & Social Sciences
Uncontrolled Keywords: personality,introvert,extravert,audience,mere presence,task type
Published Date: 2003
Authors: Grant, Tim D. ( 0000-0002-5155-8413)
Dajee, Kevindra

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