The primal sketch revisited: locating and representing edges in human vision via Gaussian-derivative filtering

Georgeson, Mark A., Barbieri-Hesse, Gillian S. and Freeman, T.C.A. (2002). The primal sketch revisited: locating and representing edges in human vision via Gaussian-derivative filtering. IN: 25th European Conference on Visual Perception. 2002-08-25 - 2002-08-29. (Unpublished)

Abstract

Marr's work offered guidelines on how to investigate vision (the theory - algorithm - implementation distinction), as well as specific proposals on how vision is done. Many of the latter have inevitably been superseded, but the approach was inspirational and remains so. Marr saw the computational study of vision as tightly linked to psychophysics and neurophysiology, but the last twenty years have seen some weakening of that integration. Because feature detection is a key stage in early human vision, we have returned to basic questions about representation of edges at coarse and fine scales. We describe an explicit model in the spirit of the primal sketch, but tightly constrained by psychophysical data. Results from two tasks (location-marking and blur-matching) point strongly to the central role played by second-derivative operators, as proposed by Marr and Hildreth. Edge location and blur are evaluated by finding the location and scale of the Gaussian-derivative `template' that best matches the second-derivative profile (`signature') of the edge. The system is scale-invariant, and accurately predicts blur-matching data for a wide variety of 1-D and 2-D images. By finding the best-fitting scale, it implements a form of local scale selection and circumvents the knotty problem of integrating filter outputs across scales. [Supported by BBSRC and the Wellcome Trust]

Divisions: Life & Health Sciences > Optometry
Additional Information: Abstract published in ECVP 2002 Abstract Supplement, Perception, (August 2002, 1990) 13 (Supplement), p.1, 0301-0066.
Event Title: 25th European Conference on Visual Perception
Event Type: Other
Event Dates: 2002-08-25 - 2002-08-29
Uncontrolled Keywords: vision,Marr,computational study,psychophysics,neurophysiology,feature detection,early human vision,edges,edge location,blur,Gaussian-derivative,second-derivative profile
["eprint_fieldopt_dates_date_type_" not defined] Date: 2002
Authors: Georgeson, Mark A. ( 0000-0002-8173-9522)
Barbieri-Hesse, Gillian S.
Freeman, T.C.A.

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