Effects of arachidonic acid upon the volume-sensitive chloride current in rat osteoblast-like (ROS 17/2.8) cells.

Gosling, M.; Poyner, David and Smith, J.W. (1996). Effects of arachidonic acid upon the volume-sensitive chloride current in rat osteoblast-like (ROS 17/2.8) cells. Journal of Physiology, 493 (3), pp. 613-623.

Abstract

1. The effects of arachidonic acid upon the volume-sensitive Cl- current present in cultured osteoblastic cells (ROS 17/2.8) was studied using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. 2. Arachidonate produced two distinct phases of inhibition, a rapid phase occurring within 10-15 s of application preceding a slower phase that occurred 2 min after onset of arachidonate superfusion. Accompanying the slower inhibitory phase was an acceleration of the time-dependent inactivation exhibited by the current at strongly depolarized potentials (> + 50 mV). The half-maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50) were 177 +/- 31 and 10 +/- 4 microM for the two phases respectively. 3. Arachidonate was still effective in the presence of inhibitors of cyclo-oxygenase (indomethacin, 10 microM), lipoxygenase (nordihydroguaretic acid, 10-100 microM) and cytochrome P450 (SKF525A, 100 microM; ethoxyresorufin, 10 microM; metyrapone, 500 microM; piperonyl butoxide, 500 microM; cimetidine, 1 mM). The effects of arachidonate could not be produced by another cis unsaturated fatty acid, oleic acid. 4. Measurements of cell volume showed that arachidonate effectively inhibited the regulatory volume decrease elicited by ROS 17/2.8 cells in response to a reduction in extracellular osmolarity. 5. It is concluded that the volume-sensitive Cl- conductance in ROS 17/2.8 cells is directly modulated by arachidonate and may represent a physiological mechanism by which volume regulation can be controlled in these cells.

Divisions: Life & Health Sciences > Pharmacy
Uncontrolled Keywords: Animals,arachidonic acid,cell line,cell size,chloride,channels,enzyme inhibitors,hypotonic solutions,kinetics,membrane potentials,oleic acid osmolar concentration Osteoblasts Patch-Clamp Techniques Protein Kinases Rats
Published Date: 1996-06-15

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