Nonlinear Noise of Low Transmission Penalty Dual-Stage Discrete Raman Amplifier

Krzczanowicz, Lukasz, Iqbal, Md Asif, Phillips, Ian D, Al-Khateeb, Mohammad, Tan, Mingming, Harper, Paul and Forysiak, Wladek (2018). Nonlinear Noise of Low Transmission Penalty Dual-Stage Discrete Raman Amplifier. IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, 30 (23), 2076 - 2079.

Abstract

We experimentally characterise the linear and nonlinear performance of a >70nm, dual-stage, 19.5dB average net gain discrete Raman amplifier using different nonlinear fibres in the second stage. We propose an architecture built with a combination of IDF and SMF, and compare its performance with amplifiers built with conventionally used nonlinear fibre types (IDF-IDF, IDF-DCF). The measured FWM product power shows the IDF-SMF architecture to generate less nonlinear interference when compared to other schemes. We test the amplifiers with 5x120Gb/s DP-QPSK WDM signals in a recirculating loop at 10 recirculations of 93.4km SMF fibre, where the power sweep shows up to 2dB optimum launch power difference, with the maximum Q2 factor varying by up to 1.6dB. Using the optimum transmission point we measure a Q2=8.8dB at 35 recirculations of 93.4km transmission (3269km) with the proposed IDF-SMF scheme, which is >460km further than the other tested architectures. All characterised schemes performed similarly in the linear noise regime.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/LPT.2018.2877462
Dataset DOI: https://doi.org/10.17036/researchdata.aston.ac.uk.00000373
Divisions: Engineering & Applied Sciences > Institute of Photonics
Engineering & Applied Sciences
Engineering & Applied Sciences > Electrical, electronic & power engineering
Additional Information: © 2018 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works. Funding: EPSRC project EP/M009092/1 (ToM3).
Uncontrolled Keywords: Discrete Raman Amplification, Broadband Transmission, Nonlinearity Characterisation
Accepted Date: 2018-10-18
Published Date: 2018-11-20
Authors: Krzczanowicz, Lukasz
Iqbal, Md Asif ( 0000-0001-7267-5865)
Phillips, Ian D ( 0000-0002-2776-8939)
Al-Khateeb, Mohammad ( 0000-0002-1367-6777)
Tan, Mingming
Harper, Paul
Forysiak, Wladek ( 0000-0001-5411-1193)

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