Congenital macrothrombocytopenia with focal myelofibrosis due to mutations in human G6b-B is rescued in humanized mice

Hofmann, Inga, Geer, Mitchell J., Vögtle, Timo, Crispin, Andrew, Campagna, Dean R., Barr, Alastair, Calicchio, Monica L., Heising, Silke, Van Geffen, Johanna P., Kuijpers, Marijke J.E., Heemskerk, Johan W.M., Eble, Johannes A., Schmitz-Abe, Klaus, Obeng, Esther A., Douglas, Michael, Freson, Kathleen, Pondarré, Corinne, Favier, Rémi, Jarvis, Gavin E., Markianos, Kyriacos, Turro, Ernest, Ouwehand, Willem H., Mazharian, Alexandra, Fleming, Mark D. and Senis, Yotis A. (2018). Congenital macrothrombocytopenia with focal myelofibrosis due to mutations in human G6b-B is rescued in humanized mice. Blood, 132 (13), pp. 1399-1412.

Abstract

Unlike primary myelofibrosis (PMF) in adults, myelofibrosis in children is rare. Congenital (inherited) forms of myelofibrosis (cMF) have been described, but the underlying genetic mechanisms remain elusive. Here we describe 4 families with autosomal recessive inherited macrothrombocytopenia with focal myelofibrosis due to germ line loss-of-function mutations in the megakaryocyte-specific immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM)-containing receptor G6b-B (G6b, C6orf25, or MPIG6B). Patients presented with a mild-to-moderate bleeding diathesis, macrothrombocytopenia, anemia, leukocytosis and atypical megakaryocytes associated with a distinctive, focal, perimegakaryocytic pattern of bone marrow fibrosis. In addition to identifying the responsible gene, the description of G6b-B as the mutated protein potentially implicates aberrant G6b-B megakaryocytic signaling and activation in the pathogenesis of myelofibrosis. Targeted insertion of human G6b in mice rescued the knockout phenotype and a copy number effect of human G6b-B expression was observed. Homozygous knockin mice expressed 25% of human G6b-B and exhibited a marginal reduction in platelet count and mild alterations in platelet function; these phenotypes were more severe in heterozygous mice that expressed only 12% of human G6b-B. This study establishes G6b-B as a critical regulator of platelet homeostasis in humans and mice. In addition, the humanized G6b mouse will provide an invaluable tool for further investigating the physiological functions of human G6b-B as well as testing the efficacy of drugs targeting this receptor.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1182/blood-2017-08-802769
Divisions: Life & Health Sciences
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biochemistry,Immunology,Hematology,Cell Biology
Full Text Link: https://www.rep ... dle/1810/283582
Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
http://www.bloo ... ent/132/13/1399 (Publisher URL)
Published Online Date: 2018-09-27
Authors: Hofmann, Inga
Geer, Mitchell J.
Vögtle, Timo
Crispin, Andrew
Campagna, Dean R.
Barr, Alastair
Calicchio, Monica L.
Heising, Silke
Van Geffen, Johanna P.
Kuijpers, Marijke J.E.
Heemskerk, Johan W.M.
Eble, Johannes A.
Schmitz-Abe, Klaus
Obeng, Esther A.
Douglas, Michael
Freson, Kathleen
Pondarré, Corinne
Favier, Rémi
Jarvis, Gavin E.
Markianos, Kyriacos
Turro, Ernest
Ouwehand, Willem H.
Mazharian, Alexandra
Fleming, Mark D.
Senis, Yotis A.

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