Treatment of type 2 diabetes: future approaches

Bailey, Clifford J and Day, Caroline (2018). Treatment of type 2 diabetes: future approaches. British Medical Bulletin, 126 (1), pp. 123-137.

Abstract

Introduction or background Type 2 diabetes, which accounts for ~90% of all diabetes, is a heterogeneous and progressive disease with a variety of causative and potentiating factors. The hyperglycaemia of type 2 diabetes is often inadequately controlled, hence the need for a wider selection of glucose-lowering treatments. Sources of data Medline, PubMed, Web of Science and Google Scholar. Areas of agreement Early, effective and sustained control of blood glucose defers the onset and reduces the severity of microvascular and neuropathic complications of type 2 diabetes and helps to reduce the risk of cardiovascular (CV) complications. Areas of controversy Newer glucose-lowering agents require extensive long-term studies to confirm CV safety. The positioning of newer agents within therapeutic algorithms varies. Growing points In addition to their glucose-lowering efficacy, some new glucose-lowering agents may act independently to reduce CV and renal complications. Areas timely for developing research Studies of potential new glucose-lowering agents offer the opportunity to safely improve glycaemic control with prolonged efficacy and greater opportunity for therapeutic individualisation.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/brimed/ldy013
Divisions: Life & Health Sciences > Biosciences
Life & Health Sciences
Uncontrolled Keywords: type 2 diabetes,glucose-lowering agents,glycaemic control
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: https://academi ... 6/1/123/4975750 (Publisher URL)
Published Date: 2018-04-18
Authors: Bailey, Clifford J ( 0000-0002-6998-6811)
Day, Caroline

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