Spatial correlations between β-amyloid (Aβ) deposits and blood vessels in familial Alzheimer's disease

Armstrong, Richard A. (2008). Spatial correlations between β-amyloid (Aβ) deposits and blood vessels in familial Alzheimer's disease. Folia Neuropathologica, 46 (4), pp. 241-248.

Abstract

In sporadic Alzheimer's disease (SAD), the classic ('dense-cored') β-amyloid (Aβ) deposits are aggregated around the larger blood vessels in the upper laminae of the cerebral cortex. To determine whether a similar relationship exists in familial AD (FAD), the spatial correlations between the diffuse, primitive, and classic b-amyloid (Aβ deposits and blood vessels were studied in ten FAD cases including cases linked to amyloid precursor protein (APP) and presenilin (PSEN) gene mutations and expressing apolipoprotein E (apo E) allele E4. Sections of frontal cortex were immunolabelled with antibodies against Aβ and with collagen IV to reveal the Aβ deposits and blood vessel profiles. In the FAD cases as a whole, Aβdeposits were distributed in clusters. There was a positive spatial correlation between the clusters of the diffuse Aβdeposits and the larger (>10 μm) and smaller diameter (<10 μm) blood vessels in one and three cases respectively. The primitive Aβ deposits were spatially correlated with larger and smaller blood vessels each in four cases and the classic deposits in three and four cases respectively. Apo E genotype of the patient did not influence spatial correlation with blood vessels. Hence, spatial correlations between the classic deposits and larger diameter blood vessels were significantly less frequent in FAD compared with SAD. It was concluded that both Aβ deposit morphology and AD subtype determine spatial correlations with blood vessels in AD.

Divisions: Life & Health Sciences > Optometry
Life & Health Sciences > Ophthalmic Research Group
Life & Health Sciences
Aston University (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Blood vessels,Clustering,Diffusion,Frontal cortex,Perivascular clearance,Spatial correlation,Pathology and Forensic Medicine,Clinical Neurology
Full Text Link: https://www.ter ... 0/Artykul-11572
Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
Published Date: 2008-01-01
Authors: Armstrong, Richard A. ( 0000-0002-5046-3199)

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