What is a Pharmacist: Opinions of Pharmacy Department Academics and Community Pharmacists on Competences Required for Pharmacy Practice

Atkinson, Jeffrey, De Paepe, Kristien, Sánchez Pozo, Antonio, Rekkas, Dimitrios, Volmer, Daisy, Hirvonen, Jouni, Bozic, Borut, Skowron, Agnieska, Mircioiu, Constantin, Marcincal, Annie, Koster, Andries, Wilson, Keith, Van Schravendijk, Chris and Wilkinson, Jamie (2016). What is a Pharmacist: Opinions of Pharmacy Department Academics and Community Pharmacists on Competences Required for Pharmacy Practice. Pharmacy, 4 (1),

Abstract

This paper looks at the opinions of 241 European academics (who provide pharmacy education), and of 258 European community pharmacists (who apply it), on competences for pharmacy practice. A proposal for competences was generated by a panel of experts using Delphi methodology. Once finalized, the proposal was then submitted to a large, European-wide community of academics and practicing pharmacists in an additional Delphi round. Academics and community pharmacy practitioners recognized the importance of the notion of patient care competences, underlining the nature of the pharmacist as a specialist of medicines. The survey revealed certain discrepancies. Academics placed substantial emphasis on research, pharmaceutical technology, regulatory aspects of quality, etc., but these were ranked much lower by community pharmacists who concentrated more on patient care competences. In a sub-analysis of the data, we evaluated how perceptions may have changed since the 1980s and the introduction of the notions of competence and pharmaceutical care. This was done by splitting both groups into respondents < 40 and > 40 years old. Results for the subgroups were essentially statistically the same but with some different qualitative tendencies. The results are discussed in the light of the different conceptions of the professional identity of the pharmacist.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy4010012
Divisions: Life & Health Sciences > Pharmacy
Life & Health Sciences
Life & Health Sciences > Applied Health Research Group
Additional Information: © 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons by Attribution (CC-BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Funding: Lifelong Learning program of the European Union: 527194-LLP-1-2012-1-BE-ERASMUS-EMCR. This project has been funded with support from the European Commission.
Full Text Link: http://www.mdpi ... 226-4787/4/1/12
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Published Date: 2016-02-01
Authors: Atkinson, Jeffrey
De Paepe, Kristien
Sánchez Pozo, Antonio
Rekkas, Dimitrios
Volmer, Daisy
Hirvonen, Jouni
Bozic, Borut
Skowron, Agnieska
Mircioiu, Constantin
Marcincal, Annie
Koster, Andries
Wilson, Keith
Van Schravendijk, Chris
Wilkinson, Jamie

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