Semantic and phonological schema influence spoken word learning and overnight consolidation

Havas, Viktoria, Taylor, J S H, de Diego-Balaguer, Ruth, Rodriquez-Fornells, Antoni and Davis, Matthew H. (2017). Semantic and phonological schema influence spoken word learning and overnight consolidation. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, E-pub , pp. 1-29.

Abstract

We studied the initial acquisition and overnight consolidation of new spoken words that resemble words in the native language (L1) or in an unfamiliar, non-native language (L2). Spanish-speaking participants learned the spoken forms of novel words in their native language (Spanish) or in a different language (Hungarian), which were paired with pictures of familiar or unfamiliar objects, or no picture. We thereby assessed, in a factorial way, the impact of existing knowledge (schema) on word learning by manipulating both semantic (familiar vs. unfamiliar objects) and phonological (L1- vs. L2-like novel words) familiarity. Participants were trained and tested with a 12-hour intervening period that included overnight sleep or daytime awake. Our results showed; i) benefits of sleep to recognition memory that were greater for words with L2-like phonology; ii) that learned associations with familiar but not unfamiliar pictures enhanced recognition memory for novel words. Implications for complementary systems accounts of word learning are discussed.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2017.1329325
Divisions: Life & Health Sciences
Additional Information: Copyright: Taylor & Francis Funding: Spanish Government (PSI2011-29219, awarded to ARF) and a predoctoral position awarded to VH.
Uncontrolled Keywords: word learning ,semantic , phonology ,schema ,consolidation ,L1 L2
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Related URLs: http://journals ... 18.2017.1329325 (Publisher URL)
Published Online Date: 2017-08-31
Authors: Havas, Viktoria
Taylor, J S H ( 0000-0002-1109-8539)
de Diego-Balaguer, Ruth
Rodriquez-Fornells, Antoni
Davis, Matthew H.

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