Is routine adnexal scanning for postmenopausal bleeding of value? Observational study of 2101 women

Bakour, Shagaf; Emovon, Emmanuel; Nevin, James and Ewies, Ayman A.A. (2017). Is routine adnexal scanning for postmenopausal bleeding of value? Observational study of 2101 women. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, in pre ,

Abstract

Our objective is to assess the merits of adnexal scanning during the investigation of women with postmenopausal bleeding (PMB) in terms of adnexal cancer diagnosis. This observational study was designed utilising an institutional PMB database in a teaching hospital, analysing a sample of 2101 consecutive women with PMB seen between 16th February 2012 and 12th August 2014 looking at the prevalence of cancer in adnexal masses identified on Trans-vaginal ultrasound scanning (TVS) in these PMB women. This study suggests that routine adnexal scanning in women with PMB may provide no benefit. It could be exposing women to unnecessary surgery or surveillance with the associated risks and cost implications. Most of the women who underwent surgery presented with palpable masses. Those with negative clinical examination had either benign masses which may have remained inconsequential or non-suspicious scan findings. A well-designed randomised controlled trial is needed to confirm the findings.Impact statementTrans-vaginal ultrasound scanning (TVS) is the standard first line investigation for women presenting with postmenopausal bleeding (PMB) primarily to assess the endometrial thickness.This has led to a widespread practice of opportunistic adnexal scanning, which generated a debate amongst gynaecologists about the value of such practice.This observational study, assessing the merits of routine adnexal scanning in these women in terms of adnexal cancer diagnosis, suggests that this practice may provide no benefit to women with isolated self-limiting PMB and unremarkable bimanual examination.It could be exposing women to unnecessary surgery or surveillance with the associated risks and cost implications when insignificant adnexal masses are identified on the scan.A well-designed randomised controlled trial is needed to elucidate if clinical examination in combination with endometrial scanning only is more effective and cost-effective than clinical examination followed by systematic pelvic scanning to detect cases of ovarian cancer in women with PMB.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01443615.2017.1306031
Divisions: Aston Medical School
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Additional Information: x
Uncontrolled Keywords: ovarian cancer,postmenopausal bleeding,Transvaginal ultrasound scanning,Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Published Date: 2017-05-09

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