Overweight status is associated with extensive signs of microvascular dysfunction and cardiovascular risk

Patel, Sunni R., Bellary, Srikanth, Karimzad, Said and Gherghel, Doina (2016). Overweight status is associated with extensive signs of microvascular dysfunction and cardiovascular risk. Scientific Reports, 6 ,

Abstract

The aim of this present study was to investigate if overweight individuals exhibit signs of vascular dysfunction associated with a high risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). One hundred lean and 100 overweight participants were recruited for the present study. Retinal microvascular function was assessed using the Dynamic Retinal Vessel Analyser (DVA), and systemic macrovascular function by means of flow-mediated dilation (FMD). Investigations also included body composition, carotid intimal-media thickness (c-IMT), ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (BP), fasting plasma glucose, triglycerides (TG), cholesterol levels (HDL-C and LDL-C), and plasma von Willebrand factor (vWF). Overweight individuals presented with higher right and left c-IMT (p = 0.005 and p = 0.002, respectively), average 24-h BP values (all p <0.001), plasma glucose (p = 0.008), TG (p = 0.003), TG: HDL-C ratio (p = 0.010), and vWF levels (p = 0.004). Moreover, overweight individuals showed lower retinal arterial microvascular dilation (p = 0.039) and baseline-corrected flicker (bFR) responses (p = 0.022), as well as, prolonged dilation reaction time (RT, p = 0.047). These observations emphasise the importance of vascular screening and consideration of preventive interventions to decrease vascular risk in all individuals with adiposity above normal range.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/srep32282
Divisions: Life & Health Sciences > Optometry
Life & Health Sciences > Biosciences
Life & Health Sciences
Life & Health Sciences > Ophthalmic Research Group
Additional Information: © The Author(s) 2016. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Uncontrolled Keywords: General
Full Text Link: http://www.natu ... icles/srep32282
Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
Published Date: 2016-08-31
Authors: Patel, Sunni R.
Bellary, Srikanth
Karimzad, Said
Gherghel, Doina ( 0000-0001-9439-5573)

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