A European competence framework for industrial pharmacy practice in biotechnology

Atkinson, Jeffrey; Crowley, Pat; de Paepe, Kristien; Gennery, Brian; Koster, Andries; Martini, Luigi; Moffat, Vivien; Nicholson, Jane; Pauwels, Gunther; Ronsisvalle, Giuseppe; Sousa, Vitor; van Schravendijk, Chris and Wilson, Keith (2015). A European competence framework for industrial pharmacy practice in biotechnology. Pharmacy, 3 (3), pp. 101-128.


Project Report: The PHAR-IN ("Competences for industrial pharmacy practice in biotechnology") looked at whether there is a difference in how industrial employees and academics rank competences for practice in the biotechnological industry. A small expert panel consisting of the authors of this paper produced a biotechnology competence framework by drawing up an initial list of competences then ranking them in importance using a three-stage Delphi process. The framework was next evaluated and validated by a large expert panel of academics (n = 37) and industrial employees (n = 154). Results show that priorities for industrial employees and academics were similar. The competences for biotechnology practice that received the highest scores were mainly in: . "Research and Development", . "Upstream" and "Downstream" Processing', " . "Product development and formulation", " . "Aseptic processing", ."Analytical methodology", . "Product stability", and . "Regulation". The main area of disagreement was in the category "Ethics and drug safety" where academics ranked competences higher than did industrial employees.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy3030101
Divisions: Life & Health Sciences > Pharmacy
Life & Health Sciences
Life & Health Sciences > Health Sciences
Additional Information: © 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Uncontrolled Keywords: education,pharmacy,industry,Europe,biotechnology
Published Date: 2015-07-29



Version: Published Version

License: Creative Commons Attribution

Export / Share Citation


Additional statistics for this record