Misophonia:current perspectives

Cavanna, Andrea E, Cavanna, Andrea E. and Seri, Stefano (2015). Misophonia:current perspectives. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, 11 , pp. 2117-2123.

Abstract

Misophonia is characterized by a negative reaction to a sound with a specific pattern and meaning to a given individual. In this paper, we review the clinical features of this relatively common yet underinvestigated condition, with focus on co-occurring neurodevelopmental disorders. Currently available data on the putative pathophysiology of the condition can inform our understanding and guide the diagnostic process and treatment approach. Tinnitus retraining therapy and cognitive behavior therapy have been proposed as the most effective treatment strategies for reducing symptoms; however, current treatment algorithms should be validated in large population studies. At the present stage, competing paradigms see misophonia as a physiological state potentially inducible in any subject, an idiopathic condition (which can present with comorbid psychiatric disorders), or a symptomatic manifestation of an underlying psychiatric disorder. Agreement on the use of standardized diagnostic criteria would be an important step forward in terms of both clinical practice and scientific inquiry. Areas for future research include phenomenology, epidemiology, modulating factors, neurophysiological underpinnings, and treatment trials.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S81438
Divisions: Life & Health Sciences > Psychology
Life & Health Sciences
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Additional Information: This work is published by Dove Medical Press Limited, and licensed under Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. The full terms of the License are available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. Permissions beyond the scope of the License are administered by Dove Medical Press Limited. Information on how to request permission may be found at: http://www.dovepress.com/permissions.php
Uncontrolled Keywords: misophonia,selective sound sensitivity syndrome,hyperacusis,neurodevelopmental disorders,Tourette syndrome,obsessive-compulsive spectrum,Clinical Neurology,Clinical Psychology,Psychiatry and Mental health
Full Text Link: https://www.dov ... ed-article-NDT#
Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
Published Date: 2015-08-18
Authors: Cavanna, Andrea E
Cavanna, Andrea E.
Seri, Stefano ( 0000-0002-9247-8102)

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