An OTDR and gratings assisted multifunctional fiber sensing system

Wang, Xiangchuan, Yan, Zhijun, Wang, Feng, Hua, Ji, Mou, Chengbo, Sun, Zhongyuan, Zhang, Xuping and Zhang, Lin (2015). An OTDR and gratings assisted multifunctional fiber sensing system. IEEE Sensors Journal, 15 (8), pp. 4660-4666.

Abstract

We report a distributed multifunctional fiber sensing network based on weak-fiber Bragg gratings (WFBGs) and long period fiber grating (LPG) assisted OTDR system. The WFBGs are applied for temperature, strain, and vibration monitoring at key position, and the LPG is used as a linear filter in the system to convert the wavelength shift of WFBGs caused by environmental change into the power change. The simulation results show that it is possible to integrate more than 4472 WFBGs in the system when the reflectivity of WFBGs is less than {10}^{-5}. Besides, the back-Rayleigh scattering along the whole fiber can also be detected which makes distributed bend sensing possible. As an experimental demonstration, we have used three WFBGs UV-inscribed with 50-m interval at the end of a 2.6-km long fiber, which part was subjected for temperature, strain, and vibration sensing, respectively. The ratio of the intensity of output and input light is used for temperature and strain sensing, and the results show strain and temperature sensitivities are 4.2 \times {10}^{-4}{/\mu \varepsilon } and 5.9 \times {10}^{-3}{{/ {^{\circ }}\textrm {C}}} , respectively. Detection of multiple vibrations and single vibration with the broad frequency band up to 500 Hz are also achieved. In addition, distributed bend sensing which could be simultaneously realized in this system has been proposed.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/JSEN.2015.2427194
Divisions: Engineering & Applied Sciences > Institute of Photonics
Engineering & Applied Sciences > Electrical, electronic & power engineering
Additional Information: © 2015 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Uncontrolled Keywords: optical fiber gratings,optical fiber measurements,optical time domain reflectometry,vibration measurement,Electrical and Electronic Engineering,Instrumentation
Full Text Link: http://ieeexplo ... rnumber=7096948
Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
Published Date: 2015-08
Authors: Wang, Xiangchuan
Yan, Zhijun
Wang, Feng
Hua, Ji
Mou, Chengbo
Sun, Zhongyuan
Zhang, Xuping
Zhang, Lin ( 0000-0002-1691-5577)

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