Influence of processing and clay type on nanostructure and stability of polypropylene-clay nanocomposites

Al-Malaika, Sahar; Sheena, Husam; Fischer, D. and Masarati, E. (2013). Influence of processing and clay type on nanostructure and stability of polypropylene-clay nanocomposites. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 98 (12), pp. 2400-2410.

Abstract

Melt processing is a critical step in the manufacture of polymer articles and is even more critical when dealing with inhomogeneous polymer-clay nanocomposites systems. The chemical composition, and in particular the clay type and its organic modification, also plays a major contribution in determining the final properties and in particular the thermal and long-term oxidative stability of the resulting polymer nanocomposites. Proper selection and tuning of the process variable should, in principle, lead to improved characteristics of the fabricated product. With multiphase systems containing inorganic nanoclays, however, this is not straightforward and it is often the case that the process conditions are chosen initially to improve one or more desired properties at the expense of others. This study assesses the influence of organo-modified clays and the processing parameters (extrusion temperature and screw speed) on the rheological and morphological characteristics of polymer nanocomposites as well as on their melt and thermo-oxidative stability. Nanocomposites (PPNCs) based on PP, maleated PP and organically modified clays were prepared in different co-rotating twin-screw extruders ranging from laboratory scale to semi-industrial scale. Results show that the amount of surfactant present in similar organo-modified clays affects differently the thermo-oxidative stability of the extruded PPNCs and that changes in processing conditions affect the clay morphology too. By choosing an appropriate set of tuned process variables for the extrusion process it would be feasible to selectively fabricate polymer-clay nanocomposites, with the desired mechanical and thermo-oxidative characteristics.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2013.10.009
Divisions: Engineering & Applied Sciences > Chemical engineering & applied chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords: clay-PP nanocomposites (PPNC),PPNC extrusion,processing characteristics of PPNC,stability of PPNC,Polymers and Plastics,Materials Chemistry,Mechanics of Materials,Condensed Matter Physics
Published Date: 2013-12

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