Heavy ion irradiation effects in zirconium nitride

Egeland, G.W., Valdez, J.A., Swadener, J.G., Oliver, B., McClellan, K.J., Maloy, S.A., Sickafus, K.E. and Bond, G.M. (2004). Heavy ion irradiation effects in zirconium nitride. IN: Proceedings of the 2004 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants--ICAPP '04. American Nuclear Society.

Abstract

Polycrystalline zirconium nitride (ZrN) samples were irradiated with He +, Kr ++, and Xe ++ ions to high (>1·10 16 ions/cm 2) fluences at ∼100 K. Following ion irradiation, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXRD) were used to analyze the microstructure and crystal structure of the post-irradiated material. For ion doses equivalent to approximately 200 displacements per atom (dpa), ZrN was found to resist any amorphization transformation, based on TEM observations. At very high displacement damage doses, GIXRD measurements revealed tetragonal splitting of some of the diffraction maxima (maxima which are associated with cubic ZrN prior to irradiation). In addition to TEM and GIXRD, mechanical property changes were characterized using nanoindentation. Nanoindentation revealed no change in elastic modulus of ZrN with increasing ion dose, while the hardness of the irradiated ZrN was found to increase significantly with ion dose. Finally, He + ion implanted ZrN samples were annealed to examine He gas retention properties of ZrN as a function of annealing temperature. He gas release was measured using a residual gas analysis (RGA) spectrometer. RGA measurements were performed on He-implanted ZrN samples and on ZrN samples that had also been irradiated with Xe ++ ions, in order to introduce high levels of displacive radiation damage into the matrix. He evolution studies revealed that ZrN samples with high levels of displacement damage due to Xe implantation, show a lower temperature threshold for He release than do pristine ZrN samples.

Divisions: Engineering & Applied Sciences > Mechanical engineering & design
Engineering & Applied Sciences
Additional Information: CD-ROM
Event Title: 2004 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants
Event Type: Other
Event Dates: 2004-06-13 - 2004-06-17
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=14844303985&partnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
Published Date: 2004
Authors: Egeland, G.W.
Valdez, J.A.
Swadener, J.G. ( 0000-0001-5493-3461)
Oliver, B.
McClellan, K.J.
Maloy, S.A.
Sickafus, K.E.
Bond, G.M.

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