Explaining employee turnover in an Asian context

Khatri, Naresh, Fern, Chong T. and Budhwar, Pawan Explaining employee turnover in an Asian context. Human Resource Management Journal, 11 (1), pp. 54-74.


Employee turnover is giving sleepless nights to HR managers in many countries in Asia. A widely-held belief in these countries is that employees have developed 'bad' attitudes due to the labour shortage. Employees are believed to job-hop for no reason, or even for fun. Unfortunately, despite employee turnover being such a serious problem in Asia, there is a dearth of studies investigating it; in particular studies using a comprehensive set of variables are rare. This study examines three sets of antecedents of turnover intention in companies in Singapore: demographic, controllable and uncontrollable. Singapore companies provide an appropriate setting as their turnover rates are among the highest in Asia. Findings of the study suggest that organisational commitment, procedural justice and a job-hopping attitude were three main factors associated with turnover intention in Singapore companies.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-8583.2001.tb00032.x
Divisions: Aston Business School > Work & organisational psychology
Aston Business School > Work & organisational psychology research group
Uncontrolled Keywords: employee turnover,HR managers,Asia,labour shortage,job-hop,Singapore,organisational commitment,procedural justice,job-hopping,turnover intention
Authors: Khatri, Naresh
Fern, Chong T.
Budhwar, Pawan


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