Oxidation of protein in human low-density lipoprotein exposed to peroxyl radicals facilitates uptake by monocytes; protection by antioxidants in vitro

Aldred, Sarah and Griffiths, Helen R. (2004). Oxidation of protein in human low-density lipoprotein exposed to peroxyl radicals facilitates uptake by monocytes; protection by antioxidants in vitro. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, 15 (2-3), pp. 111-117.

Abstract

Generation of neoepitopes on apolipoprotein B within oxidised low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is important in the unregulated uptake of LDL by monocytic scavenger receptors (CD36, SR-AI, LOX-1). Freshly isolated LDL was oxidised by peroxyl radicals generated from the thermal decomposition of an aqueous azo-compound. We describe that formation of carbonyl groups on the protein component is early as protein oxidation was seen after 90min. This is associated with an increased propensity for LDL uptake by U937 monocytes. Three classes of antioxidants (quercetin, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and ascorbic acid) have been examined for their capacity to inhibit AAPH-induced protein oxidation, (protein carbonyls, Δ electrophoretic mobility and LDL uptake by U937 monocytes). CD36 expression was assessed by flow cytometry and was seen to be unaltered by oxidised LDL uptake. All three classes were effective antioxidants, quercetin (P<0.01), ascorbic acid (P<0.01), DHEA (P<0.05). As LDL protein is the control point for LDL metabolism, the degree of oxidation and protection by antioxidants is likely to be of great importance for (patho)-physiological uptake of LDL by monocytes. © 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.etap.2003.11.006
Divisions: Life & Health Sciences
Uncontrolled Keywords: ascorbic acid,dehydroepiandrosterone,free radical,LDL,lipoprotein oxidation,quercetin,Toxicology,Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis,Pharmacology
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0347948412&partnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
Published Date: 2004-01
Authors: Aldred, Sarah
Griffiths, Helen R. ( 0000-0002-2666-2147)

Download

Item under embargo.

Export / Share Citation


Statistics

Additional statistics for this record