Biomass production in short rotation effluent-irrigated plantations in North-West India

Toky, O.P., Riddell-Black, D., Harris, P.J.C., Vasudevan, P. and Davies, P.A. (2011). Biomass production in short rotation effluent-irrigated plantations in North-West India. Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 70 (8), pp. 601-609.

Abstract

This study estimates above-ground biomass in high density plantations of six important semi-arid tree species at Palwal (70 km from Delhi) irrigated with secondary treated sewage water at the rate of 0, 25, 50 and 100% of daily net evaporation potential (EP). In 2.5 y old plantations (plant spacing, 2 m x 2 m for single stem species and 2 m x 1 m for multi-stem species), Melia azedarach showed fairly high biomass production (38.4 t/ha) followed by Ailanthus excelsa (27.2 t/ha). Order of biomass production (kg / tree) was: Eucalyptus tereticornis (24.1) > A. excelsa (21.8) > M. azedarach (12.6) > Populus deltoides clone G 48 (8.3) > Alstonia scholaris (6.6)> Pongamia pinnata (3.7). Survival of plants after 2.5 y ranged from 25.2% in P. deltoides to 71.7% in P. pinnata, and had a significant effect on biomass production per unit area. ANOVA shows that levels of irrigation (0 - 100%) did not have statistically significant effect on plant growth. Correlation between diameter and biomass was found highly significant (p< 0.01) with R2 nearing to 1.

Divisions: Engineering & Applied Sciences > Mechanical engineering & design
Engineering & Applied Sciences > Sustainable environment research group
Additional Information: Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India
Uncontrolled Keywords: biomass,semi-arid trees,sewage water irrigation,short rotation plantations
Full Text Link: http://nopr.nis ... 123456789/12487
Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
Published Date: 2011-08
Authors: Toky, O.P.
Riddell-Black, D.
Harris, P.J.C.
Vasudevan, P.
Davies, P.A. ( 0000-0003-4783-1234)

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