A review of the information-gathering process for the provision of medicines for self-medication via community pharmacies in developing countries

Brata, Cecilia; Gudka, Sajni; Schneider, Carl R.; Everett, Alan; Fisher, Colleen and Clifford, Rhonda M. (2013). A review of the information-gathering process for the provision of medicines for self-medication via community pharmacies in developing countries. Research in social and administrative pharmacy, 9 (4), pp. 370-383.

Abstract

Background: Currently, no review has been completed regarding the information-gathering process for the provision of medicines for self-medication in community pharmacies in developing countries. Objective: To review the rate of information gathering and the types of information gathered when patients present for self-medication requests. Methods: Six databases were searched for studies that described the rate of information gathering and/or the types of information gathered in the provision of medicines for self-medication in community pharmacies in developing countries. The types of information reported were classified as: signs and symptoms, patient identity, action taken, medications, medical history, and others. Results: Twenty-two studies met the inclusion criteria. Variations in the study populations, types of scenarios, research methods, and data reporting were observed. The reported rate of information gathering varied from 18% to 97%, depending on the research methods used. Information on signs and symptoms and patient identity was more frequently reported to be gathered compared with information on action taken, medications, and medical history. Conclusion: Evidence showed that the information-gathering process for the provision of medicines for self-medication via community pharmacies in developing countries is inconsistent. There is a need to determine the barriers to appropriate information-gathering practice as well as to develop strategies to implement effective information-gathering processes. It is also recommended that international and national pharmacy organizations, including pharmacy academics and pharmacy researchers, develop a consensus on the types of information that should be reported in the original studies. This will facilitate comparison across studies so that areas that need improvement can be identified. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2012.08.001
Divisions: Life & Health Sciences > Pharmacy
Additional Information: Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: community pharmacy,developing countries,information gathering,self-medication,Pharmacy,Pharmaceutical Science
Published Date: 2013-07

Download

Full text not available from this repository.

Export / Share Citation


Statistics

Additional statistics for this record