In vivo analysis of ciliary muscle morphologic changes with accommodation and axial ametropia

Sheppard, Amy and Davies, Leon N. (2010). In vivo analysis of ciliary muscle morphologic changes with accommodation and axial ametropia. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 51 (12), pp. 6882-6889.

Abstract

Purpose. To use anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) to analyze ciliary muscle morphology and changes with accommodation and axial ametropia. Methods. Fifty prepresbyopic volunteers, aged 19 to 34 years were recruited. High-resolution images were acquired of nasal and temporal ciliary muscles in the relaxed state and at stimulus vergence levels of -4 and -8 D. Objective accommodative responses and axial lengths were also recorded. Two-way, mixed-factor analyses of variance (ANOVAs) were used to assess the changes in ciliary muscle parameters with accommodation and determine whether these changes are dependent on the nasal–temporal aspect or axial length, whereas linear regression analysis was used to analyze the relationship between axial length and ciliary muscle length. Results. The ciliary muscle was longer (r = 0.34, P = 0.02), but not significantly thicker (F = 2.84, P = 0.06), in eyes with greater axial length. With accommodation, the ciliary muscle showed a contractile shortening (F = 42.9. P < 0.001), particularly anteriorly (F = 177.2, P < 0.001), and a thickening of the anterior portion (F= 46.2, P < 0.001). The ciliary muscle was thicker (F = 17.8, P < 0.001) and showed a greater contractile response on the temporal side. Conclusions. The accommodative changes observed support an anterior, as well as centripetal, contractile shift of ciliary muscle mass.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.10-5787
Divisions: Life & Health Sciences > Ophthalmic Research Group
Life & Health Sciences
Life & Health Sciences > Optometry
Additional Information: Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License
Uncontrolled Keywords: ocular accommodation,adult,biometry,ciliary body,ophthalmological diagnostic techniques,humans,smooth muscle,pilot projects,refractive errors,reproducibility of results,optical coherence tomography,young adults,Ophthalmology,Sensory Systems,Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
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Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
http://www.iovs ... tent/51/12/6882 (Publisher URL)
Published Date: 2010-12
Authors: Sheppard, Amy ( 0000-0003-0035-8267)
Davies, Leon N. ( 0000-0002-1554-0566)

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