Visual signs and symptoms of Multiple System Atrophy

Armstrong, Richard A. (2011). Visual signs and symptoms of Multiple System Atrophy. Optometry Today, 51 (6), pp. 50-54.


Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a rare movement disorder and a member of a group of neurodegenerative diseases, which include Parkinson’s disease (PD) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), and referred to as the ‘parkinsonian syndromes’. Although primarily a neurological disorder, patients with MSA may also develop visual signs and symptoms that could be useful in differential diagnosis. In addition, the eye-care practitioner may contribute to the management of visual problems of MSA patients and therefore, help to improve quality of life. This second article in the series considers the visual signs and symptoms of MSA with special reference to those features most useful in differential diagnosis of the parkinsonian syndromes.

Divisions: Life & Health Sciences > Optometry
Life & Health Sciences > Ophthalmic Research Group
Life & Health Sciences > Health Sciences
Uncontrolled Keywords: multiple system atrophy,movement disorder,neurodegenerative diseases,Parkinson’s disease,progressive supranuclear palsy,parkinsonian syndromes,neurological disorder,visual symptoms,diagnosis,quality of life
Published Date: 2011-03-25
Authors: Armstrong, Richard A.


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