The fracture toughness of a range of cast steels

Al-Daimalani Robertson, I. (1978). The fracture toughness of a range of cast steels. PHD thesis, Aston University.


A range of plain carbon, carbon-manganese and low alloy cast steels were tested in order to determine their various fracture toughness values under elastic and elastic-plastic conditions. The main fracture toughness parameters which are considered are (1) Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics (LEFM), (2) the J-Contour Integral, and (3) Crack Opening Displacement (COD). Results are obtained from fracture toughness specimens of various dimensions and the relevance of the validity criteria to cast steels is considered in some detail. In addition, the effect of casting position on specimen toughness values was noted. Valid KIC results according to LEFM, were obtained for three of the eight cast steels tested. Although KIC values from LEFM were not obtained from the remaining five steels, critical COD and J-integral values were determined. It is postulated that these values and particularly the critical J values can be used, with confidence for material selection or in defect tolerance calculations using these steels. Toughness values were found to vary with casting position in several of the steels tested and the possible reasons for such variations are discussed in the Thesis.

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Institution: Aston University
Uncontrolled Keywords: cast steels,fracture toughness,j-integral,crack opening displacement,linear elastic fracture mechanics
Completed Date: 1978-04



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