Characterisation of calcitonin generelated peptide (CGRP) and amylin receptors

Tomlinson, Ann E. (1995). Characterisation of calcitonin generelated peptide (CGRP) and amylin receptors. PHD thesis, Aston University.

Abstract

The aims of this study were to examine the binding characteristics of the rat CGRP receptor and to further the classification of CGRP and amylin receptors in guinea-pig tissue preparations. Binding characteristics of CGRP were investigated on rat splenic, cerebellar and liver membrane preparations. Human-α-CGRP, rat-α-CGRP and the CGRP receptor analogues Tyrº -CGRPC28-37) and [Cys (ACM)2,7 ]-human CGRP and the CGRP receptor antagonist CGRPC8-37) were utilised in competitive radioligand binding experiments to identify possible CGRP receptor subtypes in these tissues. There appeared to be no significant differences between the rat CGRP receptors examined. A panel of monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) raised against CGRP were employed to investigate the structure-activity relationships of CGRP and its receptor. No differences between the tissue receptors were observed using this panel of Mabs. The effects of human-α, human-β, rat-α-CGRP, human and rat amylin and adrenomedullin(13-52) were examined on the spontaneously beating right atria and on electrically evoked twitch contractions of isolated guinea-pig ileum, vas deferens and left atria. All of the peptides caused concentration-dependent inhibition of twitch amplitude in the ileum and vas deferens. CGRP produced positive inotropic effects in the right and left atria and positive chronotropic effects in the right atria. A variety of CGRP receptor antagonists and putative amylin receptor antagonists were used to antagonise these effects. CGRP(8-37) is currently used as a basis for CGRP receptor classification (Dennis, et al., 1989). Based upon results obtained using CGRP(8-37) it has been shown that the guinea-pig ileum contains mainly CGRP 1 receptors and the vas deferens contain CGRP2 receptors. Amylin was shown to act at receptors distinct from those for CGRP and it is postulated that amylin has its own receptors in these preparations. Experiments using CGRP (19-37) and Tyrº -CGRP(28-37) indicate that human and rat CGRP act at distinct receptors in guinea-pig ileum and vas deferens. The amylin receptor antagonist amylin(8-37) and the putative antagonist AC187 provide evidence to suggest human and rat amylin also act at receptors able to distinguish between the two types of amylin.

Divisions: Engineering & Applied Sciences
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Institution: Aston University
Uncontrolled Keywords: CGRP,amylin,receptor classification,guinea-pig
Completed Date: 1995-09

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