The effects of vitamin C supplementation on protein oxidation in healthy volunteers

Carty, Julie L., Bevan, Ruth J., Waller, Helen, Mistry, Nalini, Cooke, Marcus S., Lunec, Joseph and Griffiths, Helen R. (2000). The effects of vitamin C supplementation on protein oxidation in healthy volunteers. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 273 (2), pp. 729-735.


We have investigated vitamin C supplementation effects on immunoglobulin oxidation (carbonyls) and total plasma protein sulfhydryls in healthy human volunteers. After receiving placebo, plasma ascorbate and oxidation markers were unchanged. Following 5 weeks supplementation with vitamin C (400 mg/day), plasma ascorbate increased but no significant effect on protein oxidation was observed. At 10 and 15 weeks supplementation, carbonyl levels were significantly reduced (P < 0.01) in subjects with low baseline ascorbate (29.51 ± 5.3 μM) but not in those with normal baseline ascorbate (51.81 ± 2.3 μM). To eliminate any effect from seasonal variation in dietary antioxidant intake, a second phase was undertaken. Subjects on vitamin C for 15 weeks were randomly assigned to receive either placebo or vitamin C. No difference in plasma sulfhydryl content was observed. Subjects withdrawn from supplementation showed an increase in immunoglobulin carbonyl content (P < 0.01). This demonstrates that dietary vitamin C supplementation can reduce certain types of oxidative protein damage in subjects with low basal antioxidant. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

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Divisions: Life & Health Sciences
Uncontrolled Keywords: oxidative biomarker,oxidative stress,protein carbonyls,supplementation,vitamin C,Biochemistry,Biophysics,Molecular Biology
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Published Date: 2000-07-05
Authors: Carty, Julie L.
Bevan, Ruth J.
Waller, Helen
Mistry, Nalini
Cooke, Marcus S.
Lunec, Joseph
Griffiths, Helen R. ( 0000-0002-2666-2147)


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