Studies on the anti-inflammatory effect of S-Adenosyl-L-methionine

Matthews, Nicholas C. (1991). Studies on the anti-inflammatory effect of S-Adenosyl-L-methionine. PHD thesis, Aston University.

Abstract

1. S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAMe) had no effect on cytochrome C reduction by superoxide generated from xanthine oxidase except at high concentrations. This was due to direct inhibition of the enzyme. 2. SAMe inhibited the neutrophil respiratory burst , measured by luminol enhanced chemiluminescence, to FMLP and zymosan A but not to PMA. 3. Adenosine and methylthioadenosine (MTA) inhibited the respiratory burst elicited by FMLP. 4. SAMe inhibited the phagocytosis of latex particles by neutrophils at high concentrations but methionine and S-adenosyl L-homocysteine had no effect. 5. Treatment with SAMe had no effect on cell infiltration or PGE2 production in 6-day air pouches. 6. Treatment with SAMe at the optimum dose of 50mg/kg inhibited the early phases of carrageenan induced rat hind paw inflammation but had a lesser effect on the secondary response. The antiinflammatory effect was sustained after inhibiton of polyamine synthesis. 7. SAMe increased liver putrescine levels in the presence and absence of inflammation Spermidine levels were increased in the presence of inflammation but spermine levels were unaffected by any of the treatments. 8. MT A and adenosine increased liver putrescine and spermidine levels 9. Treatment with SAMe had no effect on the polyamine status of blood. lO.Treatment with SAMe had no effect on the levels of glutathione in liver or blood. 11.SAMe and MTA inhibited histamine and platelet-activating factor (PAF) induced hind paw inflammation but had no effect on inflammation induced by dextran, zymosan, compound 48/80, 5-hydroxytryptamine, arachidonic acid or glucose oxidase. MTA was more effective than SAMe. 12. PAP-induced rat hind paw inflammation was inhibited by isoprenaline and verapamil. Combinations of these drugs with SAMe or MT A had no further enhancement of effect. 13. Incubation of rat PMNLs with [14c ] SAMe increased the intracellular levels of S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine in a dose dependent manner, but had no effect on the intracellular levels of SAMe, adenosine or MT A. 14. Pharmacokinetic studies of plasma SAMe following a single dose of the drug (50mg/kg) i.p. demonstrated that SAMe is rapidly absorbed and metabolised

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Institution: Aston University
Uncontrolled Keywords: inflammation,S-Adenosyl-L-mthionine,polyamines,neutrophil
Completed Date: 1991-04

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