Adrenoceptor influences on fluid and electrolyte transport in the rat intestine

Urquhart, Colin J. (1990). Adrenoceptor influences on fluid and electrolyte transport in the rat intestine. PHD thesis, Aston University.

Abstract

An investigation of rat jejunal and distal colonic electrolyte transport in-vitro was undertaken using an Ussing chamber prepartion. Selective α2-adrenoceptor stimualtion in the jejunum was found to depress theo-phylline elevated anion secretion, as evidenced by decreases in short- circuit current (SCC). or α1 -Adrenoceptor stimulation, after α2 -adrenoceptor antagonism in the jejunum, evoked transient increases in basal anion secretion, as reflected by transient increases in basal SCC. The use of the neurotoxin tetrodotoxin indicated that this was a direct epithelial secretory effect. 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) on the jejunum elicited transient increases in basal anion secretion, as demonstrated by transient increases in basal SCC. The use of tetrodotoxin, reserpine and α1 -adrenoceptor antagonists, indicated that a major component of this epithelial secretory effect by 5-HT, was associated with activation of intramural nervous pathways of the sympathetic nervous system, ultimately stimulating α1-adrenoceptors. This might represent an important secretory mechanism by 5-HT in the jejunum. β2-Adrenoceptor stimulation in the distal colon was found to decrease basal SCC, as evidenced by the metoprolol resistant effect of the selective β2- adrenoceptor agonist salbutamol, and lack of effect of the selective β1-adrenoceptor agonist prenalterol. An investigation of rat distal colonic fluid and electrolyte transport in-vivo was undertaken using an colonic loop technique. Although a basal colonic absorption of Na+ and Cl-, and a secretion of K+ were observed, these processes were not under tonic α-adrenergic regulation, as evidenced by the lack of effect of selective α-adrenoceptor antagonism. The secretory effects of prostaglandin-E2 were inhibited by α-adrenoceptor activation, whereas such stimulation did not evoke pro-absorptive responses upon basal transport, unlike noradrenaline.

Divisions: Life & Health Sciences > Pharmacy
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Institution: Aston University
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adrenoceptor ,intestinal,jejumum,colon,transport
Completed Date: 1990-06

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