Heat transfer from molten materials to liquids

Boxley, Gareph (1980). Heat transfer from molten materials to liquids. PHD thesis, Aston University.

Abstract

An apparatus was designed and constructed which enabled material to be melted and heated to a maximum temperature of 1000C and then flooded with a pre-heated liquid. A series of experiments to investigate the thermal interaction between molten metals (aluminium, lead and tin) and sub-cooled water were conducted. The cooling rates of the molten materials under conditions of flooding were measured with a high speed-thermocouple and recorded with a transient recorder. A simplified model for calculating heat fluxes and metal surface temperatures was developed and used. Experimental results yielded boiling heat transfer in the transition film and stable film regions of the classic boiling curve. Maximum and minimum heat fluxes were observed at nucleate boiling crisis and the Leidenfrost point respectively. Results indicate that heat transfer from molten metals to sub-cooled water is a function of temperature and coolant depth and not a direct function of the physical properties of the metals. Heat transfer in the unstable transition film boiling region suggests that boiling dynamics in this region where a stationary molten metal is under pool boiling conditions at atmospheric pressure would not initiate a fuel-coolant interaction. Low heat fluxes around the Leidenfrost point would provide efficient fuel-coolant decoupling by a stable vapour blanket to enable coarse mixing of the fuel and coolant to occur without appreciable loss of thermal energy from the fuel. The research was conducted by Gareph Boxley and was submitted for the degree of PhD at the University of Aston in Birmingham in 1980.

Divisions: Engineering & Applied Sciences > Chemical engineering & applied chemistry
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Institution: Aston University
Uncontrolled Keywords: Heat transfer,molten materials,water
Completed Date: 1980-09

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